Dr. Harald Engelhardt
Phone:+49 89 8578 2650

Engelhardt CV


Dr. Daniel Bollschweiler
Dr. Margarete Schüler
Dr. Christian Hoffmann
Dr. Matthias Eibauer
Dr. Ulrich Zachariae
Dr. Thomas Klühspies
Dr. Erik Roth
Johann Lubieniecki

Microbial membrane and cell wall protein complexes

Cryo-electron tomographical reconstruction of the mycobacterial porin MspA. Views from the side, the periplasmic end, and embedded in the membrane of reconstituted lipid vesicles. Zoom Image
Cryo-electron tomographical reconstruction of the mycobacterial porin MspA. Views from the side, the periplasmic end, and embedded in the membrane of reconstituted lipid vesicles. [less]

Bacterial and archaeal cells are surrounded by a cell membrane and cell wall components such as the peptidoglycan, outer membrane, surface proteins (S-layer), or other specialised layers in various combinations. We are interested in the structure, interaction and function of protein complexes located in the cell envelope and in the periplasm of microorganisms. Protein complexes of interest are pore-forming outer membrane proteins of mycobacteria and other functional protein assemblies of selected archaea and bacteria.

We study the location and 3D structure of protein complexes in situ by means of cryo-electron tomography of intact (vitrified) cells using the whole armamentarium of specimen thinning, optimized imaging and data reconstruction to enhance the resolution and to extract the information of small structural details. To make use of the full information contained in tomograms it is necessary to correct for the effects of the contrast transfer function (CTF) in projections prior to 3D reconstruction. We introduced an acquisition scheme that allows us to determine the CTF of individual projections of a tomographic data set and to recover structural details of membrane protein complexes in situ to a resolution of better than 2 nm after correction and subtomogram averaging. This approach promises to reveal the structure and interactions of macromolecular assemblies in the cell envelope and in native microbial cells to a unprecedented resolution.

Selected publications:

Boedeker C., Schüler M., Reintjes G., Jeske O., van Teeseling M.C., Jogler M., Rast P., Borchert D., Devos D.P., Kucklick M., Schaffer M., Kolter R., van Niftrik L., Engelmann S., Amann R., Rohde M., Engelhardt H., Jogler C.: Determining the bacterial cell biology of Planctomycetes. Nat Commun, 8:14853, 2017

Bollschweiler D., Schaffer M., Lawrence C.M., Engelhardt H.: Cryo-electron microscopy of an extremely halophilic microbe: technical aspects. Extremophiles, 21(2):393-398, 2017

Hochstein R., Bollschweiler D., Engelhardt H., Lawrence C.M., Young M.: Large Tailed Spindle Viruses of Archaea: a New Way of Doing Viral Business. J Virol., 89(18):9146-9, 2015

Jeske O., Schüler M., Schumann P., Schneider A., Boedeker C., Jogler M., Bollschweiler D., Rohde M., Mayer C., Engelhardt H., Spring S., Jogler C.: Planctomycetes do possess a peptidoglycan cell wall. Nat Commun, 12;6:7116, 2015

Zuckerman D.M., Boucher L.E., Xie K., Engelhardt H., Bosch J., Hoiczyk E.: The bactofilin cytoskeleton protein BacM of Myxococcus xanthus forms an extended β-sheet structure likely mediated by hydrophobic interactions. PLoS One, 10(3):e0121074, 2015

Engelhardt H.: Visualizing the bacterial cell surface: an overview. Meth. Mol. Biol. 966: 15-35, 2013

Eibauer M., Hoffmann C., Plitzko J.M., Baumeister W., Nickell S. and Engelhardt H.: Uraveling the structure of membrane proteins in situ by transfer function corrected cryo-electron tomography. J. Struct. Biol. 180: 488-496, 2012

Strunk T., Hamacher K., Hoffgaard F., Engelhardt H., Zillig M.D., Faist K., Wenzel W. and Pfeifer F.: Structural model of the gas vesicle protein GvpA and analysis of GvpA mutants in vivo. Mol. Microbiol. 81: 56-68, 2011

Niederweis M., Danilchanka O., Huff J., Hoffmann C. and Engelhardt H.: Mycobacterial outer membranes: in search of proteins. Trends Microbiol. 18: 109-116, 2010

Hoffmann C., Leis A., Niederweis M., Plitzko J.M. and Engelhardt H.: Disclosure of the mycobacterial outer membrane: Cryo-electron tomography and vitreous sections reveal the lipid bilayer structure. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105: 3963-3967, 2008

Engelhardt H.: Are S-layers exoskeletons? The basic function of surface protein layers revisited. J. Struct. Biol. 160: 115-124, 2007

Engelhardt H.: Mechanism of osmoprotection by archaeal S-layers: A theoretical study. J. Struct. Biol. 160: 190-199, 2007

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